Sumba people today do not vary much with the people in the Sumba ago.
They were able to preserve the language and culture although tireless occupied and dominated by other islands. There are three languages used on the island of Sumba, the two languages in West Sumba and a language in East Sumba. Second language in the western part of the divided again over eight dialects.
Sumba easy for people known by the way I Dressed. Men wear cloth woven strap "Hinggi" tied to the waist with a belt and a big knife in the Plug and woven into cloth belt. They also wear headgear made of woven rope. Interlock woven cloth using patterns of animals and humans. In East Sumba, generally woven strap with a black base color and color patterns in the West Sumba with basic blue color. Women also wear cloth woven rope, but different types and shapes in the form of glove.
One of the Characteristics Sumba is their expertise which in the case of extraordinary horsemanship. The children have started learning to ride a horse since still small. When adults go, they showed through the expertise is in the tradition carried war horse "Pasola".
Sumba most people still live in the village or village and the birth of their women to follow her husband or live in their husband's village. A village usually consists of a page with a large stone stone-roofed houses and large maramu (tower houses) form a circle corral page. Sumba represents the traditional home of the world's three important people in the life of Sumba: the animal is under the ground where the pit house pets they live, the people living in the midst of which the house owner and family live, and in the spirit world to the spirit in which the three fathers fathers dwelt.
In general, villages in Sumba are not very prosperous life. Sumba Prosperity for the people usually can be measured by the number of animals (buffalo, cow and horse) that is in the village as well as extent of land owned. Some Villagers have to sell out their cattle in the past so that the level of Prosperity Villagers become degenerate. Often happens is that children Sumba can not go to school. It is because they must stay home to help their parents prepare a rice field or garden because her parents do not have the money to send to them. Children who are not educated do not have a good future because not all children who come from a family can inherit their father's property. Children who have no land and education as this is intended to be unemployed.
In the past, Sumba grouping the three systems in the community that is nobility, farmers and slave / servant (maramba or kabisu). System such as this does not apply at the present time, but they can still be viewed from a certain level of Prosperity of families in the community to this day. Families gentility still rich enough and tend to be more prosperous lives than most people. Infant mortality in Sumba is still relatively high because many children who lack nutritious food and clean water. Drugs is also very difficult to get. Sumba island had received assistance from the central government's going to fail because of hunger harvest. Thousands of tons of rice had a drop from Sumba but due to the central government are on the Monetary and political crisis that occurred at the same time a few years ago, support for Sumba stopped. Natural resources available in this island are very limited and the central government can not afford to send more aid to residents of adequate Sumba.